Managerial views regarding workers Objectives of Project Report Objectives of Project Report shoes the ultimate aim for doing the work on project these are as follows- To analyze about the various methods of workers participation in management [WPM] To determine the criteria for workers participation in management To analyze about the various results and effectiveness in regarding of workers participation in management [WPM] to Grasim Industries Ltd.
Theories[ edit ] The participatory management model or at least techniques for systematically sharing authority emphasize concerns with the delegation of decision making authority to employees. Participatory management has cut across many disciplines such as public administrationurban planningand public policy making.
In theory, the model does much more than recognize that employees ought to be able to recommend changes or course of action, but rather reflect a belief that authority should be transferred to and shared with employees.
Conceptually, organizational culture is thought to represent a symbolic and ideal system composed of values and norms implemented by its founders, then shared and reflected to influence behavior of its members or employees in the institution.
The culture of the organization or institution is in turn used to guide the meaning of the organization's work. In an Organizational Structureor Classical Management, employees do not participate in the decision making process.
Employees receive, interpret and carry out orders after the decisions are made by administrators. This theoretical approach acknowledges that every problem is different, therefore every problem requires different approaches and solutions. Principles of participatory management consist of fundamental ideas that seek to empower Workers participation management enhance the employee's understanding of problems as to explore and generate the greatest potential solutions embodying the ideals of democratic inclusion and participation.
Creating and sustaining an adaptive capacity for ongoing problem solving with an emphasis on social and transformative learning through trust, sustained engagement, and relationship development are important factors when contributing to the overall success or failure of participatory management.
Managing uncertainty must be conceptually addressed to reduce conflict. Conflict can stem from problems caused by misinterpretation, or lack of clarity when it comes to communication or questions concerning values, relationships, and goals.
Communicating values, creating a safe and comfortable environment along with a genuine and concerted effort should be at the foundation of an organization or institution aiming to implement participatory management as a successful tool. Productivity[ edit ] Participatory management may lead to increased productivitymotivationjob satisfaction and quality enhancement, however, it may also slow down the process of decision making and act as a potential security threat by providing access to valuable information to fellow employees.
This section will discuss the effects Participatory Management had at the NATURA forest sites in Greece and the pros and cons participatory management has on productivity in the workplace. In a study concerning the effectiveness of a participatory management framework in Protected Areas PAs in which are located in areas with strong state-based environmental managementthe study states, "From an environmental perspective, there is evidence that involvement of a community in the management of a PA can result to a more effective management of biodiversity " e.
This is mainly because participatory management frameworks promote sustainable management practices Berkes et al. From a socio-economic perspective, a major benefit is the increase of social acceptability levels for specific protection frameworks Stoll-Kleemann and Welp, Furthermore, the application of 'softer' and participatory management tools may assist in local economic development through, for example, eco-tourism activities and minimization of social conflicts Misra and Kant,Chowdhury and Koike,Nuggehalli and Prokopy,Nayak and Berkes,Sandstrom and Widmark,Matose, and Jones et al.
In addition, participatory management allows the use of local values and knowledge for the management of a specific area of high biodiversity value in combination with scientific information Berkes, Participatory Management may contribute to a more productive environment by: Promoting sustainable management practices.
Participatory Management can lead to the empowerment of employees which in turn could lead to employees taking more risks. These risks can be successful or harmful to the project's productivity level.
Creativity and innovation may lead to harmful risks which can then render the project's productivity level to fail.
Individual empowerment may lead to decreased productivity on account of different opinions and cultures clashing. In order for participatory management to have a positive effect, there must be "trust in institutionssocial trust and social networks ".
Workers may welcome this freedom to increase motivation and develop a deeper liking towards their job. If individuals feel a deeper connection with their job, it is thought that individuals will then ultimately take more pride in their work.
Participatory management can have a positive perception on some, while on others it could lead to egotistic behaviors, and ultimately disrupt the group's cohesiveness. Employees may have greater job satisfaction and motivation towards their job Employees are given the opportunity to use their creativity and innovation which in turn can lead to increased happiness and independence Employees have more independence therefore may take more responsibility and pride in their work.
Employees feel like an integral component towards the organization and therefore have more pride, motivation, and incentive to fulfill the project. One such shift in management styles was studied in a public hospital in Alberta, Canada in The hospital implemented a Care Transformation Initiative that focused on eliminating wasteful activities and actions and applying an atmosphere of participatory management.
This initiative was only implemented in one of the programs in the hospital. That program was studied along with another program in which the initiative was not implemented. The main findings of the study showed that, first of all, organizational change is difficult and takes time.
Some workers, particularly older ones, were resistant to the change. The management and clinical staff reported little understanding of their specific contribution to organizational decisions. Despite these challenges, staff also reported feeling optimism that this organizational change may lead to better change in the future.
This workplace had already experienced the shift from a top down management style to this new participatory management style.
The existence of participation was analyzed through the existence of participatory strategic planning and effective supervisory communication.Workers’ participation in management is an essential ingredient of Industrial democracy.
The concept of workers’ participation in management is based on Human Relations approach to Management which brought about a new set of values to labour and management. Traditionally the concept of Workers’ Participation in Management (WPM) refers to participation of non-managerial employees in the.
and Workers Participation in Management the mean value and is positively correlated at the level of 1 % sig-nificant Findings & Suggestions • 30% of the respondents agree that there is strong and representative unionism in the caninariojana.com?doi=&rep=rep1&.
· Abstract: Workers’ participation in management is an essential ingredient of industrial democracy. It is based on human It is based on human relations approach to management which brought about a new set of values to labour and caninariojana.com · The concept of workers’ participation in management crystallizes the concept of Industrial Democracy.
It is also felt that by giving workers a voice in their companies,caninariojana.com Workers participation in management includes following. Workers participation in management provides a chance to employees in organisation's decision making process. The workers participation may be at the shop level, departmental level or at the top level.
Workers’ Participation in Management Workers’ participation in management is an essential ingredient of Industrial democracy.
The concept of workers’ participation in management is based on Human Relations approach to Management which brought about a new set of values to labour and caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com